However suburban and rural colleges haven’t been immune.

In the suburbs of Kansas City, the varsity district of Olathe, Kan., misplaced greater than 1,000 of its 33,000 or so college students in 2020, as households relocated and shifted to non-public colleges or home-schooling; solely about half of them got here again this faculty 12 months.

In rural Woodbury County, Iowa, south of Sioux Metropolis, enrollment within the Westwood Community School District fell by greater than 5 p.c over the last two years, to 522 college students from 552, despite a small inflow from cities through the pandemic, the superintendent, Jay Lutt, stated. Now, along with demographic developments which have lengthy eroded the dimensions of rural Iowa’s faculty populations, diminishing funding, the district is grappling with inflation as the value of gasoline for college buses has soared, Mr. Lutt stated.

In some states the place colleges eschewed distant instruction — Florida, as an illustration — enrollment has not solely rebounded, however stays sturdy. An analysis by the American Enterprise Institute, a right-leaning suppose tank, concluded final month that distant instruction was a serious driver across the nation, with enrollment falling most in districts probably to have delayed their return to in-person school rooms.

Personal colleges have additionally seen some positive factors in enrollment. Federal head counts haven’t but been launched, however each the Nationwide Affiliation of Unbiased Colleges and the Nationwide Catholic Academic Affiliation have reported will increase that whole about 73,000 Ok-12 college students through the previous two years.

On the similar time, some households are leaving their native public colleges not as a result of they’re abandoning the system altogether however as a result of they’ve moved to different elements of the nation which can be extra inexpensive.

Enrollment has surged as properly in rural resort areas, pushed by the relocation of tech staff and others in a position to work remotely, significantly after the pandemic set in.