In July 2020, as social justice protests roiled the nation, Joshua Katz, a Princeton classics professor, wrote in a small influential journal that some college proposals to fight racism at Princeton would foment “civil battle on campus,” and denounced a pupil group, the Black Justice League, as “a small native terrorist group” due to its ways in pushing for institutional modifications.

The remarks in Quillette made him a lightning rod within the campus free speech debate, reviled by some who thought what he stated was racist, and lionized by others who defended his proper to say it. They usually despatched up a flare that led to scrutiny of different features of his life, together with his conduct with feminine college students.

Within the newest fallout from that debate, Princeton’s president has really useful dismissing Dr. Katz, in response to a Might 10 letter from the president to the chair of the trustees.

However the professor, who’s tenured, will not be dealing with dismissal for his speech. His job is at stake for what a college report says was his failure to be completely forthcoming a few sexual relationship with a pupil 15 years in the past that he has already been punished for.

Michael Hotchkiss, a spokesman for Princeton, stated the college “usually doesn’t touch upon personnel issues.”

Dr. Katz declined an interview. However his lawyer, Samantha Harris, stated she was anticipating the trustees to fireside him. “In our view, that is the fruits of the witch hunt that started days after Professor Katz revealed an article in Quillette that led folks to name for his termination,” Ms. Harris stated on Thursday.

Princeton’s college dean, Gene A. Jarrett, rejected that view. In a 10-page report, dated Nov. 30, 2021, the dean detailed causes for dismissing Dr. Katz. Dr. Jarrett addressed what he stated was Dr. Katz’s competition that there was a “direct line” from the Quillette article to being investigated for misconduct.

“I’ve thought-about Professor Katz’s declare and have decided that the present political local weather of the college, whether or not perceived or actual, will not be germane to the case, nor does it play a task in my suggestion,” Dr. Jarrett wrote. That doc turned the idea for the president’s suggestion.

The case has deeply divided the campus. Many college students had been already livid about his Quillette article. And the potential firing has solely fueled the controversy — with dividing strains between those that see it as thinly disguised retaliation for offensive speech, and those that consider that the furor over his remarks about race by the way uncovered extra troubling conduct.

Dr. Katz, 52, has additionally turn into a trigger célèbre amongst a variety of conservative columnists, a few of whom say that his case represents a troubling escalation within the debate over free speech on campuses, during which expressing an unorthodox opinion will not be a matter of protected speech however a stain on one’s character that justifies excavating previous wrongs to expunge it. An article about Dr. Katz in The American Conservative final yr was known as “Persecution & Propaganda at Princeton.”

“Is that this the world we need to reside in, the place you categorical an opinion that different folks don’t like, and abruptly your private life is turned inside out, on the lookout for proof to destroy you?” Ms. Harris, his lawyer, stated.

The state of affairs is difficult by the truth that Princeton’s president, Christopher L. Eisgruber, has cultivated a fame as a defender of free speech. The college adopted the “Chicago Ideas,” a dedication to free speech — even whether it is offensive — that was formulated on the College of Chicago. He has defended different controversial speech, together with skepticism towards transgender identification by one other professor, Robert P. George, the director of the college’s James Madison Program in American Beliefs and Establishments.

Eddie S. Glaude Jr., the chair of African American research and a critic of Dr. Katz’s language, stated attributing his troubles to his speech was “a nasty religion argument” that was “fully inconsistent” with previous statements by Mr. Eisgruber in help of free speech.

As to the notion that Dr. Katz was being persecuted, “It appears like somebody is positioning himself to play a sure function within the present iteration of the tradition wars,” Dr. Glaude stated.

The saga started with an open letter to Princeton’s leadership on Independence Day in 2020, when protests over the police killing of George Floyd and calls for for racial justice had been rippling throughout the nation. The primary sentence declared: “Anti-Blackness is foundational to America.”

The letter known as on the college to take “fast concrete and materials steps to overtly and publicly acknowledge the best way that anti-Black racism, and racism of any stripe, proceed to thrive on its campus,” and supplied 48 proposals for reform. It was signed by greater than 300 college members.

Outstanding signers of the letter included Dr. Glaude; Dan-el Padilla Peralta, a Dominican-born Roman historian, who has written that the sector of classics is inextricably entangled with white supremacy; and Tracy Ok. Smith, a former U.S. poet laureate, who has since left Princeton.

One of many calls for was that Princeton “acknowledge, credit score and incentivize anti-racist pupil activism,” starting with a “formal public college apology” to members of the Black Justice League, who had been met with institutional resistance after they agitated, a number of years earlier than it occurred, to remove President Woodrow Wilson’s name from the College of Public and Worldwide Affairs.

4 days later, Dr. Katz, who has repeatedly described himself as nonpolitical, published his riposte, “A Declaration of Independence by a Princeton Professor.”

He stated that whereas a few of the letter’s signers may need believed of their declaration, he thought that peer stress performed a much bigger function, and that others had not truly learn it. He was, he wrote, embarrassed for them.

And whereas he agreed with some calls for, like giving summer season move-in allowances to new assistant professors, he wrote that he disagreed with others, like giving an extra semester of sabbatical to junior college members of shade.

He additionally described the Black Justice League as “a small native terrorist group that made life depressing for the various (together with the various Black college students) who didn’t agree with its members’ calls for.” He described the group’s supporters as “baying for blood” throughout a “battle session” recorded on Instagram Stay that he stated was “one of the evil issues I’ve ever witnessed.”

The response to Dr. Katz’s views was swift and powerful. Mr. Eisgruber advised the campus newspaper that he objected “personally and strongly to his false description” of the scholar group as a terrorist group.

A number of of Dr. Katz’s colleagues within the classics division, together with the chair, Michael Attyah Flower, and the chair of the Fairness and Inclusion Committee, Andrew Feldherr, distanced themselves from him, quickly posting a message on the division’s web site saying that Dr. Katz’s language was “abhorrent at this second of nationwide reckoning.”

A college spokesman stated on the time that Princeton can be “looking into the matter,” however no investigation materialized. Dr. Katz celebrated in July 2020 with a Wall Avenue Journal opinion piece, “I Survived Cancellation at Princeton.”

However with consideration centered on Dr. Katz, the scholar newspaper, The Day by day Princetonian, started an investigation of sexual harassment accusations in opposition to him. It culminated in a prolonged report in February 2021 about his sexual relationship with the undergraduate.

Princeton already knew about her. The college had began an investigation after it realized of the connection in late 2017, and Dr. Katz confessed to a consensual affair. He was quietly suspended with out pay for a yr.

The Princetonian also reported that Dr. Katz had made not less than two different ladies uncomfortable by taking them out to costly dinners — and in a single case by commenting on the girl’s look and giving her presents. All three ladies had been recognized by pseudonyms and couldn’t be reached for remark.

Dr. Katz’s lawyer stated there was no sample of sexual misconduct. He requested quite a few college students, female and male, to dinner over time, she stated — “so many who he has no concept who that even is.”

The lady within the sexual relationship didn’t cooperate with the unique Princeton investigation. However after the Princetonian report, she filed a proper criticism that led the administration to open a brand new investigation, which it stated was taking a look at new points slightly than revisiting previous violations, in response to the college report.

Princeton asserted that Dr. Katz had discouraged the girl from looking for psychological well being remedy whereas they had been collectively, for worry of revealing their relationship; that he had pressured her to not cooperate with the investigation in 2018; and that he had hindered that investigation by not being completely sincere and forthcoming, in response to the report.

Dr. Katz’s spouse, Solveig Gold, stated he had misplaced many associates over the controversy. “No one desires to be seen in his presence, in his firm, in his friendship,” she stated.

Ms. Gold, 27, who’s ending her Ph.D. in classics on the College of Cambridge, graduated from Princeton in 2017. She stated that she had been his pupil, however that there was no romantic relationship between them on the time. They married in July 2021.

Ms. Gold stated her husband had a number of job presents. “The canceled have a approach of looking for one another,” she stated. “However none of them is the job that he has liked doing his entire life.”

A few of Dr. Katz’s colleagues are treating his Quillette article as a lesson. It has been included on a college web site, “To Be Known and Heard,” that tackles Princeton and systemic racism. The positioning features a historic define of free speech controversies, beginning with minstrelsy and ending with quotes from his article.

The timeline states, “All through its historical past, Princeton has grappled with what crosses the ‘line’ between free speech and freedom of expression, and racist statements and actions.”

Sheelagh McNeill contributed analysis.